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失败动作——国际举联最新技术规则

  2.5 INCORRECT MOVEMENTS

  2.5 犯规动作

  2.5.1 INCORRECT MOVEMENTS FOR ALL LIFTS

  2.5.1 所有举式犯规动作

  2.5.1.1 Pulling from the hang, defined as: stopping the upward movement of the barbell during the pull.

  2.5.1.1 悬垂提铃,定义如下:提拉杠铃的过程中停顿。

  2.5.1.2 Touching the platform with any part of the body other than the feet.

  2.5.1.2 除两脚外,身体其他部位接触举重台。

  2.5.1.3 Pause during the extension of the arms.

  2.5.1.3 伸展臂部过程中有停顿。

  2.5.1.4 Finishing with a press-out, defined as: continuing the extension of the arms after the athlete has reached the lowest point of his/her position in the squat or split for both the Snatch and the Jerk.

  2.5.1.4 用推举完成动作,定义如下:在抓举和上挺的动作中,运动员下蹲或分腿达到最低点后继续伸展臂部。

  2.5.1.5 Bending and extending the elbows during the recovery.

  2..5.1.5 起立时肘部有屈伸。

  2.5.1.6 Leaving the competition platform or touching the area outside the competition platform with any part of the body before the complete execution of the lift.

  2.5.1.6 在完成所有的动作前,身体任何部位离开举重台或接触举重台以外的地方。

  2.5.1.7 Dropping the barbell from above the shoulders.

  2.5.1.7 杠铃仍在肩部以上时扔下杠铃。

  2.5.1.8 Failing to replace the complete barbell on the competition platform.

  2.5.1.8 放下杠铃时未能使杠铃整体触及举重台。

  2.5.1.9 Not facing the Centre Referee at the beginning of the lift.

  2.5.1.9 试举开始时未面向中间裁判。

  2.5.1.10 Releasing the barbell before the Referees’ signal.

  2.5.1.10 在裁判发令前放下杠铃。

  2.5.2 INCORRECT MOVEMENTS FOR THE SNATCH

  2.5.2 抓举犯规动作。

  2.5.2.1 Pause during the lifting of the barbell.

  2.5.2.1 提铃过程中有停顿。

  2.5.2.2 Touching the head with the bar; hair and any items worn on the head are considered to be part of the head.

  2.5.2.2 杠铃碰到头部;头发及头上佩戴的任何物品皆视为头部。

  2.5.3 INCORRECT MOVEMENTS FOR THE CLEAN

  2.5.3 翻站犯规动作 提铃至胸犯规动作

  2.5.3.1 Resting or placing the barbell on the chest at an intermediate point before its final position producing a “double clean”; often referred to as a “dirty clean”.

  2.5.3.1 在完成提铃至胸的动作前,使杠铃在胸部停留或将杠铃置于胸部,则称之为“二次翻站”,也称“违规翻站”

  2.5.3.2 Touching the thighs or the knees with the elbows or the upper arms.

  2.5.3.2 肘部或上臂触及大腿或膝部。

  2.5.4 INCORRECT MOVEMENTS FOR THE JERK

  2.5.4 上挺的犯规动作

  2.5.4.1 Any apparent effort to jerk which is not completed; including, lowering the body or bending the knees.

  2.5.4.1 任何明显用力上挺而未完成的动作,包括身体下沉或屈膝。

  2.5.4.2 Any deliberate oscillation of the barbell to gain advantage. The athlete must become motionless before starting the Jerk.

  2.5.4.2 任何使杠铃震颤以获得优势的方式。运动员在开始上挺动作前必须处于静止状态。

  2.6 INCOMPLETE MOVEMENTS AND POSITIONS

  2.6不完整的动作和姿势

  2.6.1 Uneven or incomplete extension of the arms at the completion of the lift.

  2.6.1 完成动作时,手臂伸展不平均或不完全。

  2.6.2 Failing to finish with the feet and the barbell in line and parallel to the plane of the trunk.

  2.6.2 完成动作时,未能使双脚和杠铃在一条直线上并且未能与身体躯干平面相平行

  2.6.3 Failing to fully extend the knees at the completion of the lift.

  2.6.3 完成动作时,未伸直膝盖。